ConceptsThe needs and problems of a village are best known to its residents. The planners at the district/State/national levels may not be well aware of the needs and problems of villages and also the priorities of the villagers. Hence, it is needed that villagers themselves should plan for their betterment and these plans be transmitted to authorities at district/state/national levels. On the basis of these plans, work plans are these be prepared for block/district and state. This method has been named as decentralised planning . The data of every House Hold is collected for village level planning.NeedNo one except the villagers can really understand the needs and problems of a village and they themselves can give different methods/suggestions for fulfillment of the needs. These would give two benefits : one, they would be receptive to the plans the projects made by themselves because of emotional of attachment and second, would have active cooperation and participation in their implementation. The villagers discuss smallest needs and problems of the village on basis of its relevance. During sruvey, many things are openly discussed such as education system of the village, quality of education enrolment of all children. The villagers become sensitive and also aware of educational issues and problems. After this, they participate in microplanning.MethodAn open meeting of members of village education committee along with energetic youths of the village, teachers, local non governmental organisations such as Nehru Yuvak Kendra, Yuvak Mangal Dal and others is convened where all small/big problems/needs are discussed and priorities draun.Steps in House Hold Survey
Collection of information on village education register (Bal Garna Register ) by the member of VEC.
Making plan for cent percent enrolment of children for village school.
Involvement of each girl/boy of the village with village education system.
Results of House Hold Survey
Number of girls and boys going to the school.
Number of girls and boys not going to the school.
Number of children in different social groups.
Number of girls and boys going to the board schools/recognized schools/alternative schools/ECCE centres.
Number of families whose children do not go to schools.
Number of children with disabilities
Prioritization of educational and other problems/needs of the village :Inhabitants of the village assemble at a place and prepare a list of all small and big problems and needs of the village. For this work, each person has also to write methods/solutions for atleast five problems/needs of the village.Stages in House Hold SurveyThere are four steps which are given below :
Family Survey - At first a survey team consisting of teachers, members of village education committee and energetic persons of the village is established who collect complete information regarding each family of the village. For this, prescribed blankform is made available. All filled forms are collected after the survey. The main object of family survey is not only to collect information but also to highlight the need of education for villagers and also make villagers aware and responsible for village education system. Further, out of school children are identified in this survey.
Analysis of Information -After survey of each family and school mapping, members of village education committee study the information thus collected and also the school mapping so that they are aware of the realities of their village education.
Collection of information
Formats have been developed for consolidation and analysis of statistics made available by HHS through different levels : village panchyat, block, district and state. This information collected at block level on prescribed form at the district level which is then transmitted state headquarters.